By Isaiah Berlin, Henry Hardy, Terrell Carver, Alan Ryan
Isaiah Berlin's highbrow biography of Karl Marx has lengthy been well-known as the most effective concise money owed of the lifestyles and considered the guy who had, in Berlin's phrases, a extra "direct, planned, and strong" effect on mankind than the other nineteenth-century philosopher. A brilliantly lucid paintings of synthesis and exposition, the publication introduces Marx's principles and units them of their context, explains why they have been progressive in political and highbrow phrases, and paints a memorable portrait of Marx's dramatic existence and oversized character. Berlin takes readers via Marx's years of adolescent uprising and post-university communist agitation, the non-public excessive element of the 1848 revolutions, and his later years of exile, political frustration, and highbrow attempt. serious but sympathetic, Berlin's account illuminates a lifestyles with out reproducing a legend.
New positive factors of this completely revised variation contain references for Berlin's quotations and allusions, Terrell Carver's overview of the individuality of Berlin's ebook, and a revised advisor to extra reading.
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Isaiah Berlin's highbrow biography of Karl Marx has lengthy been famous as the best concise money owed of the lifestyles and regarded the guy who had, in Berlin's phrases, a extra "direct, planned, and strong" impact on mankind than the other nineteenth-century philosopher. A brilliantly lucid paintings of synthesis and exposition, the ebook introduces Marx's principles and units them of their context, explains why they have been progressive in political and highbrow phrases, and paints a memorable portrait of Marx's dramatic existence and oversized character.
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Additional info for Karl Marx: Thoroughly Revised Fifth edition
Destruam et aedificabo (‘I shall destroy and I shall build’), which Proudhon placed at the head of one of his works,1 far more aptly describes Marx’s conception of his own appointed task. By 1845 he had completed the first stage of his programme, and acquainted himself with the nature, history and laws of the evolution of the society in which he found himself. He concluded that the history of society is the history of man seeking to attain to mastery of himself and of the external world by means of his creative labour.
They criticised and condemned the existing con dition of humanity in terms of some preconceived ideal, some system, whose desirability at least needed no demonstration, being self-evident to all men with normal moral vision; their schemes differed in the degree to which they could be realised Introduction • 5 in practice, and could accordingly be classified as less or more utopian, but broad agreement existed between the schools of democratic thought about the ultimate ends to be pursued. They disagreed about the effectiveness of the proposed means, about the extent to which compromise with the existing powers was morally or practically advisable, about the character and value of specific social institutions, and consequently about the policy to be adopted with regard to them.
But his faith in reason was not blind: if he appealed to reason, he appealed no less to empirical evidence. The laws of history were indeed eternal and immutable – and to grasp this fact a quasi-metaphysical intuition was required – but what they were could be established only by the evidence of empirical facts. His intellectual system was a closed one, everything that entered was made to conform to a 20 • Karl Marx pre-established pattern, but it was grounded in observation and experience. He was obsessed by no fixed ideas.
Karl Marx: Thoroughly Revised Fifth edition by Isaiah Berlin, Henry Hardy, Terrell Carver, Alan Ryan
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