By Sven Eliaeson, Lyudmila Harutyunyan, Larissa Titarenko

ISBN-10: 900429144X

ISBN-13: 9789004291447

The break-up of the Soviet Union is a key occasion of the 20th century. The thirty ninth IIS congress in Yerevan 2009 excited by factors and effects of this occasion and on shifts on the earth order that in its wake. This quantity is an attempt to chart those advancements in empirical and conceptual phrases. It has a spotlight at the lands of the previous Soviet Union but additionally explores pathways and contexts within the moment global at huge. The Soviet Union used to be an entire scale scan in developing another modernity. The implosion of this union gave upward push to new states looking for nationwide identification. At a time while a few observers heralded the tip of historical past, there has been a rediscovery of old legacies and a look for new paths of improvement around the former moment international. In a few elements of this global long-repressed legacies have been rediscovered. They have been occasionally, as with regards to nations in East imperative Europe, outfitted round thoughts of parliamentary democracy and its alternative via authoritarian rule through the interwar interval. a few legacies talked about efforts at setting up statehood within the wake of the 1st international warfare, others to nationwide upheavals within the 19th century and previous. In critical Asia and plenty of elements of the Caucasus the cultural background of Islam in its varied types gave upward thrust to new markers of id but in addition to violent contestations. In South Caucasus, Georgia, Armenia and Azerbaijan have embarked upon highly varied, yet always contingent, paths of improvement. Analogously middle parts of the outdated union have undergone tumultuous, yet until eventually the final yr and a part principally cold, ameliorations. The crystallization of divergent paths of improvement within the biggest republics of that union, i.e. Russia and Ukraine, has ushered in divergent nationwide imaginations but in addition in sequence of bloody confrontations.

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Armenia’s relations with Turkey are frosty and there is no peace with Azerbaijan, merely an armistice. Armenia depends on Georgia for access to the sea. A huge part of the population has emigrated, about one third during the last two decades. Armenia is in a squeezed and troublesome geopolitical position. The Armenian diaspora, which is particularly strong in Lebanon, France and California, plays a major role in subsidizing the Armenian state budget. Armenia has few natural resources. However, as the example of Switzerland shows, the human capital is more important than natural resources, just as Adam Smith taught us.

The major paradigmatic shift was, in his view, the fact that global factors were now included in the analysis of social changes in Eastern Europe. He argues and provides evidence for his ideas by referring to empirical data indicating that supranational globalization increasingly became the most 12 Eliaeson, Harutyunyan and Titarenko crucial factor determining the content, the speed and the effects of societal transformations. Adam Czarnota, in his chapter “Lustration, Decommunisation and Democracy: Transitional Justice in Post-Communist Central-Eastern Europe,” presents his historical research on the recent post-communist past of these countries.

The International Institute of Sociology xxix Firstly, the relative lack of political violence in the core area of the Soviet Union during its downfall proved to be a lasting feature until the spring of 2014. Secondly, the political systems that have emerged in the former Soviet republics vary greatly. Whereas the Baltic countries are clear cases of parliamentary democracy, there are stronger or weaker elements of this in several others. Most former Soviet republics exhibit strong features of presidential rule.

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