By Ive Marx
Social scientists, politicians, and economists have lately been enthusiastic about the concept the complicated welfare states of Europe face a “New Social Question.” The middle inspiration is that the transition from an commercial to a postindustrial setting has introduced with it an entire new set of social hazards, constraints, and trade-offs, which necessitate radical recalibration of social defense structures. a brand new Social query? analyzes that question intensive, with specific realization to the matter of source of revenue defense and the problems dealing with Bismarckian welfare states. it is going to be beneficial examining for a person drawn to knowing the way forward for eu social coverage.
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Additional resources for A New Social Question?: On Minimum Income Protection in the Postindustrial Era (Changing Welfare States Series)
5 ( ) indicates small sample size (n<100). Source: Belgian Socio-Economic Panel Survey. Thus we can only provide some tentative evidence about the evolution of labour incomes in the observation period. But the data does provide a number of insights, certainly with respect to the evolution of net earned incomes – in fact, more interesting for us than earnings especially if we want to understand living standard trends. The empirical evidence that we possess suggests that the degree of inequality between the low-skilled and the high-skilled has declined rather than increased.
Note that child benefits are taken into account in pre-transfer income as it is not a replacement benefit. The rises in pre-transfer poverty are evident for all categories of the less-skilled. 9). 10). But as I indicated already, the picture for less-skilled women is more ambiguous: significant increases in employment are accompanied by equally significant increases in social security dependency and pre-transfer poverty. 12 Pre-transfer poverty rate by formal level of qualiﬁcation, 1976-1997. 1 Source: Belgian Socio-Economic Panel Survey.
In the general argument, global and essentially uncontrollable economic forces such as globalisation, deindustrialisation and technological change play a central role. Belgium is an interesting case because of the comparatively rapid pace of deindustrialisation during the 1970s and 1980s (from a comparatively high initial share of manufacturing industry output in total output), which had a tremendous impact on low-skilled employment. The second line of reasoning applies speciﬁcally to the so-called conservative welfare states and is in essence a (social) policy-failure argument.
A New Social Question?: On Minimum Income Protection in the Postindustrial Era (Changing Welfare States Series) by Ive Marx
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