By James F. Eder

ISBN-10: 082482153X

ISBN-13: 9780824821531

For many of the twentieth century, migrant settlers from the Philippines have verified homesteads and new methods of lifestyles on Palawan Island, a one-time woodland desert. at the island's coastal plains and within the hilly inside, settlers have created dynamic and filthy rich groups according to in the community variable mixtures of agricultural and non-agricultural lifeways. This quantity offers an research of socioeconomic swap in a single Palawan settler group based through the Nineteen Forties. in keeping with unique details on the degrees of group, loved ones and person spanning a 25-year interval (1970-1995), the chapters focus on 3 easy subject matters: the advance of a post-frontier village economic system; loved ones options for survival and prosperity; and person pursuits as they relate to principles approximately social status and private worthy. those issues are attached into an built-in research of swap locally throughout time and set in the context of wider alterations in society.

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Extra resources for A Generation Later: Household Strategies and Economic Change in the Rural Philippines

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Cuyo figured prominently in the long, costly, and ultimately futile Spanish effort to wrest control of the southerly portions of the Philippine archipelago from the Muslims of the Sulu zone. As elsewhere in the southern Philippines, the violent seventeenth- and eighteenth-century confrontations between Christians and Muslims were an important aspect of local colonial history, and at least in the case of Cuyo, they still figure prominently in local folklore traditions. But Cuyo also filled up early with people, and by the end of the nineteenth century (if not before), local agricultural production was insufficient to feed the island’s population, and Cuyonons began to look elsewhere to meet their subsistence needs.

In 1990, 35 percent of the total land area of Palawan was classified as agricultural land, and about 52 percent of this total was in turn cultivated (PPDO 1991). More than half of the total cultivated land was planted in such permanent crops as cashew, coconut, cacao, coffee, and other tree crops. The remainder was planted in annual crops such as rice, corn, and vegetables. Rice is by far the most important single crop. 43 hectares (Vigonte 1991), although the average San Jose farmer last enjoyed a farm of this size in the early 1970s.

In contrast to their more often-studied lowland counterparts, where cultivation of irrigated rice is often the dominant production activity, tropical upland landscapes tend to be more diverse. 2 San Jose in 1995 18 Chapter 2 ecology and topography are reflected in a mixture of crop types and production activities, circumstances that make it difficult for any would-be capitalist to put together a single large farm and apply a single production activity to it. Population densities are usually much lower than in the lowlands, reflecting both the recency of settlement of many upland areas and the lower land productivity of prevailing upland farming systems.

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