By Gwendolyn Leick

ISBN-10: 020302852X

ISBN-13: 9780203028520

ISBN-10: 0415198119

ISBN-13: 9780415198110

The Dictionary of old close to japanese Mythology covers resources from Mesopotamia, Syro-Palestine and Anatolia, from round 2800 to three hundred BC. It includes entries on gods and goddesses, giving facts in their worship in temples, describing their 'character', as documented via the texts, and defining their roles in the physique of mythological narratives; synoptic entries on myths, giving where of starting place of major texts and a quick historical past in their transmission in the course of the a long time; and entries explaining using professional terminology, for things like different types of Sumerian texts or kinds of mythological figures.

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Extra resources for A Dictionary of Ancient Near Eastern Mythology

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The sexual vigour of El has been the subject of much academic interest, as some myths seem ambiguous about his potency (Šahar and Šalim). The epithet ’b ’adm, ‘Father of Men’, probably embraces both the physical and the social implications of this relationship. It is interesting in this context that most of the early verbal-sentence names composed with El seem to have allusions to childbirth and infancy. ltÿpn il dpid, ‘merciful and kind El’, refers to his equanimity; in contrast to Baal he is passive and not easily moved to anger.

The female equivalent was Be-let (Sumerian Nin). GAL(lim), ‘Lady of the Great House’. i, ‘Lady of the Sceptre’. She also had temples in Larsa, Ur and Qatna. Her husband was Uraš, the city-god of Dilbat. eri—Babylonian goddess Her name means ‘Lady of the Steppe’. She was the wife of the nomad god Amurru. In view of the conceptual connection the Babylonians made between the steppe and the Underworld, the goddess was also associated with the realm of the dead, where she functioned as a scribe. e-ri was identified with the Sumerian goddess Geštinanna.

Né) with a fully fledged civilized world, led by Enlil, which began with the separation of An and Ki (Heaven and Earth), followed by the creation of the heavenly bodies, the Anunnaki etc. The role of the ‘creator’, who by the power of his command called the given phenomena of the world into existence, was assigned to different deities, most prominently in the extant texts, to An, Enlil and Enki (Eridu). The Mother-goddess is sometimes credited with the creation of people and animals. The texts usually proceed to describe the more detailed organization of the Sumerian civilization; see Enki and the World Order, Enki and Ninhursag, Enki and Ninmah, Lahar and Ašnan.

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